The Etna The volcano Etna, with its 3300 meters height and its conic shape, is the most important volcano in Europe and it dominates the Mediterranean Sea. The apparat is made of ancient volcanic edifices, but the real Etna is the most recent one- the last eruption in fact was in 1911- and it is called “Mongibello”. The system is structurally really complex and in continuous evolution: destructive periods during which landslides and collapses happen, alternate to lava emission and pyroclastic explosion during constructive periods. The vegetation’s distribution is really characteristic: from costal cultivation to citrus and olive-tree groves and vineyards and finally, beyond 3000 meters, to the typical volcanic desert where, uncontested, the Etna prevails.